Quiz

Question: Q. With reference to Santhal tribes consider the following statements

  1. They resided at the foothills of the Rajmahal hills.

  2. They primarily practiced shifting cultivation.

  3. Their settlements were encouraged by the British.


Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
Options:
A.1 only
B.1 and 2 only
C.1 and 3 only
D.1, 2, and 3
Answer: Option C
: C

Explanation:

The Santhals were encouraged by the British to settle on the foothills of the Rajmahal hills to clear the forests and practice settled agriculture. By 1832 a large area of land had been demarcated as Damin-i-Koh. It has been declared the property of the Santhals. They had to work within it, practice plough farming, and become settled peasants. In comparison to the santhals, the Paharia tribes who lived on the hills opposed the British effort to settle them and practice agriculture.
The Santhals, however, soon noticed that the land they had cultivated slipped away from their hands. The state levied heavy taxes on the land that the Santhals had cleared, the money lenders (dikus) charged them high interest rates and took over the land when the debts remain unpaid, and the zamindars asserted control over the Damin district. By the 1850s, the Santhals felt the time had come to revolt against the zamindars, money lenders, and the colonial state, in order to establish an ideal world for themselves where they would govern. This issue led to Santhal revolt in (1855-56).

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Question 1. Q. With reference to the Ryotwari system introduced by the British in India,consider the following statements:

  1. Under it the revenue was directly settled with the ryot.

  2. The revenue demand was fixed in perpetuity.


Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  1.    1 only
  2.    Both 1 and 2
  3.    2 only
  4.    Neither 1 and 2
Answer: Option A
: A

Explanation:

The revenue system that was implemented in the Madras and some parts of Bombay presidency was known as the ryotwari settlement. In contrast to the permanent system, the revenue was settled directly with the ryot. The average income from different types of soil has been estimated, the revenue-paying capacity of the ryot has been assessed and the proportion of it has been fixed as the share of the state. Land was resurveyed every 30 years and the rate of revenue increased. Consequently, the need for revenue was no longer constant and was not set in perpetuity.
Question 2. Q. With reference to the Deccan riots commission, consider the following statements:


  1. It was appointed by the Government of Bombay.

  2. It reported that the high government demand was the cause of the revolt.

  3. It blamed the money lenders for the revolt.



Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  1.    1 only
  2.    2 and 3 only
  3.    1 and 3 only
  4.    1, 2 and 3
Answer: Option C
: C

Explanation: Following riots in Deccan (1875) the Deccan Riots Committee was appointed by the Bombay government to investigate the causes. The Commission produced a report which was presented to the British Parliament in 1878. This report, referred as the Deccan Riots Report, provides historians with a range of sources for the study of riots. The Committee reported that the government's demand was not the cause of peasant rage. It was due to the moneylenders. This argument is found in colonial records very frequently. The report showed that the colonial government was reluctant in admitting that public dissatisfaction was ever caused by government action.
Question 3. Q. With reference to the demand of  separate state of for the Muslims, consider the following statements:


  1. In the Lahore resolution of March 1940 the Muslim league demanded autonomy for the Muslim majority areas.

  2. In 1930 poet Iqbal spoke about the need for north west Indian Muslim state.

  3. Khan Abdul Ghaffar khan opposed the idea of partition. 



Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  1.    1 only
  2.    1 and 3 only
  3.    2 and 3 only
  4.    1, 2 and 3
Answer: Option D
: D

Explanation: Statement 1 is correct: Pakistan's demand has been gradually formalized. On 23 March 1940, the League adopted a resolution calling for a measure of autonomy for the Muslim majority of the subcontinent. This ambiguous resolution never referred to the partition or Pakistan. Statement 2 is correct: The origins of Pakistan 's demand have been traced back to the Urdu poet Mohammad Iqbal, the author of "Sare Jahan Se Achha Hindustan Hamara." In his 1930 presidential address to the Muslim League, the poet spoke of the need for a "North West Indian Muslim state." However, Iqbal did not see the emergence of a new country in that speech, but the reorganization of the Muslim majority into an autonomous unit within the structured Indian federation. Statement 3 is correct: Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was a prominent Gandhian leader from the North West Frontier Province and led many movements in the region through Khudai Khidmatgars. He was opposed to the idea of partition and was disappointed when Congress accepted the partition of India.
Question 4. Q. With reference to Lahore Session of Indian national congress in 1929, consider the following statements:


  1. It was presided over by Jawaharlal Nehru.

  2. The Resolution of ‘Purna swaraj' was passed during the session.

  3. In response to the resolution passed here 30 January 1930 was celebrated as an independence day all over the country.



Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  1.    1 and 2 only
  2.    2 only
  3.    2 and 3 only
  4.    1, 2 and 3
Answer: Option A
: A

Explanation: At the end of December 1929, the Congress held its annual session in the town of Lahore. The meeting was significant in two respects: the election of Jawaharlal Nehru as President, the passing of the leadership baton to the younger generation; and the proclamation of a commitment to "Purna Swaraj" or complete independence. Now the pace of politics has picked up again. On 26 January 1930, "Independence Day" was celebrated, the national flag was raised in different venues and patriotic songs were sung.
Question 5. Q. The permanent settlement in Bengal was aimed at achieving following objectives

  1. To ensure a secured income for the company.

  2. To promote investments in agriculture.

  3. To create a class loyal to the company.


Which of the statements given above is /are correct?
  1.    1 only
  2.    1 and 3 only
  3.    2 and 3 only
  4.    1, 2, and 3 
Answer: Option D
: D

Explanation:

The permanent settlement was introduced in 1793 by Charles Cornwallis (1738-1805) in Bengal. British officials hoped to solve the problems they had faced since the conquest of Bengal by introducing a permanent settlement.In the 1770s, the rural economy in Bengal was in turmoil, with frequent famines and declining agricultural production. Officials felt that agriculture, trade and state revenue resources could all be developed by encouraging investment in agriculture. This could be done by securing property rights and fixing the rate of revenue demand on a permanent basis.
If the State's demand for revenue was permanently fixed, the Company would be able to look forward to a regular flow of revenue, while entrepreneurs could feel confident that they would make a profit from their investment, as the State would not stifle it by increasing its claims. The process, officials hoped, would lead to the emergence of a class of yeomen farmers and rich landowners who would have capital and business to improve agriculture. Nurtured by the British, this class would also have been loyal to the Company.
Question 6. Q. With reference to the revolt of 1857 Consider the following statements :


  1. Lord Canning was the governor general when the revolt took place.

  2. The Enfield rifles using greased cartridges were introduced by governor general Lord Hardinge.

  3. Colin Campbel was appointed as the commander of the British forces to fight the rebels.



Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  1.    1 only
  2.    1 and 2 only
  3.    2 and 3 only
  4.    1, 2 and 3
Answer: Option D
: D

Explanation: Statement 1 is correct:Lord Canning was governor general of India from 1856 to 1862. He was also the first Viceroy of India after the transfer of power from the East India Company to the British Crown in 1858. Statement 2 is correct:Henry Hardinge, who was governor general of India from 1844 to 1848, attempted to modernize the army's equipment as governor general. The Enfield rifles that were first introduced used the greased cartridges that the Sepoys had rebelled against. Statement 3 is correct:Colin Campbel was appointed Commander of the British Forces to recover the lost garrisons from the rebels. He came with his forces and rescued the besieged British garrison in Lucknow.

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