Question 3. An Indian ruler of the 18th century who planted “the Tree of liberty” at his capital, enrolled himself as a member of the Jacobin club of France and loved himself to be called ‘Citizen’, was
Answer is Option D. -> Refusal of the English to demolish the fortification of Calcutta Answer: (d)
His charges against the company were mainly threefold. Firstly, that they strengthened the fortification around Fort William without any intimation and approval; secondly, that they grossly abused the trade privileges granted to them by the Mughal rulers, which caused heavy loss of customs duties for the government; and thirdly, that they gave shelter to some of his officers, for example, Krishnadas, son of Rajballav, who fled Dhaka after misappropriating government funds.
Hence, when the East India Company started further enhancement of military preparedness at Fort William in Calcutta, Siraj asked them to stop. The Company did not heed his directives, so Siraj-ud Daulah retaliated and captured Kolkata (Shortly renamed as Alinagar) from the British in June 1756.
Question 6. Bring out the correct statement about British expansion in Madras
In 1658, all the English settlement on the Coromandal and in Eastern India were placed under the control of Fort St. George.
In 1801, Lord Wellesley created the Madras presidency as it existed till Indian Independence.
In 1640, the British obtained the site of Madras from the Raja of Valikondapuram.
The British built a fortified factory, viz. Fort St George, at Madras.