Question: What are the two main types of habitats for animals? Define them. [2 MARKS]

: Types: 1 Mark
Definition: 1 Mark

The two main types of habitats are terrestrial and aquatic habitat.

Terrestrial habitat is any habitat that is found on land, like forests, grasslands, deserts, and shorelines.
Aquatic habitat is a habitat that is wholly or partially submerged in water. Most animals that live in an aquatic habitat cannot go on land.

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More Questions on This Topic :

Question 1. What is a habitat? [1 MARK]

Habitat is the immediate surroundings of an organism. It is the place that is natural for the life and growth of the organism.
Question 2. How have desert plants adapted to the lack of water? [3 MARKS]

: Adaptations: 1 Mark each

The three adaptive features of adesert plant are:
1) Leaves are reduced to spines to reduce the surface area of the leaf. 2)Leaves have a thin waxy coating to prevent loss of water through transpiration. 3) Roots are thin and extensive to search for moisture in the soil efficiently.
Question 3. What is adaptation? [1 MARK]

The ability of living organisms to adjust themselves to their surroundings is calledadaptation. Adaptations are the changes in structure or behaviour of an organism that will allow the organism to survive in that habitat.
Question 4. Write the habitats of the following animals. [5 MARKS]


: Habitats: 1 Mark each S.NoAnimalHabitat1FrogsTerrestrial and aquatic2DogsTerrestrial3CoralsAquatic4DolphinsAquatic5MonkeysTerrestrial
Question 5. Mention two characteristics of aquatic animals. [2 MARKS]

: Characteristics: 1 Mark each

Aquatic animals have gills to breathe under water.
Aquatic animals have streamlined body for effective navigation in water.
Question 6. Classify the following into biotic or abiotic elements of a habitat. [5 MARKS]


: Element: 1 Mark each.

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