Answer is Option C. -> Babur and Rana Sanga Answer: (c)
The battle of Khanwa in 1527 was fought between Babur and Rana Sanga.
The Rajput forces of Rana Sanga, supplemented by the contingents of Hasan Khan Mewati and the Afghan, Mehmud Lodi and Raja Medini Rai of Alwar, met Babur’s army at Khanwa near Fatehpur Sikri in 1527.
The battle, which lasted for not more than 10 hours, was bitterly contested and became an exceedingly brutal affair. At a critical moment of battle, the defection of Silhadi and his contingent caused a split in the Rajput forces. Rana Sanga while trying to rebuild his front was wounded and fell unconscious from his horse.
The Rajput army thought their leader was dead and fled in disorder, thus allowing the Mughals to win the day.
Question 2. Match the names of the books with that of the authors, and choose your answer using the code given below-
Answer is Option D. -> Muhammad Shah Answer: (d) Muhammad Shah had bestowed the title of Jagat Seth to Fatehchand. Fatehchand was adopted son of Manik Chand. He obtained the title of “Seth” from the Emperor Farrakhsiyar. Muhammad Shah bestowed him with the title of “Jagat Seth”.
Question 4. Which one of the following was not among the 12 Ordinances of Jahangir?
Answer is Option C. -> Amnesty to Prisoners Answer: (c)Kalanaur is known as a place of proclamation of Akbar as the emperor. In Kalanaur, Punjab, the 13-year-old Akbar was enthroned by Bairam Khan on a newly constructed platform, which still stands. He was proclaimed Shahanshah (Persian for “King of Kings”). Bairam Khan ruled on his behalf until he came of age.
Question 5. Which of the following Mughal emperors spent a greater part of his reign to overthrow the Deccan Kingdoms?
Answer is Option D. -> William Hawkins Answer: (d) In 1608, Captain William Hawkins came to the court of Jahangir with a letter from James I, king of England, requesting permission for the English merchants to establish in India. But due to vehement opposition of the Portuguese and the Surat merchants, emperor Jahangir had to change his mind and Hawkin’s mission failed.
Question 10. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:
Answer is Option A. -> 2 3 4 1 Answer: (a)
Iqta was introduced by Delhi Sultans while Jagir was introduced by Mughals. Amaram was introduced by the Vijaynagar Empire. Mokasa was introduced by Maratha. ‘Iqta’ is an Arabic word, which became a tool of administration in Islamicate traditions.
The land pieces assigned to military chiefs were called as Amaram during Vijayanagar empire. Two-thirds of the collections however remained with the Maratha sardars who collected the taxes and they used it for maintaining their troops for the Chhatrapati. This part of the levy was called mokasa.
The chauth along with sardeshmukhi levies ensured a steady and large stream of income for the Marathas and helped them expand their armies beyond the swarajya territories of Shivaji.