Answer is Option D. -> e-nivaran Answer: (d)The Income Tax department has launched a special electronic grievance redressal system called ‘e–nivaran’ in order to fast track taxpayer grievances and ensure early resolution of their complaints.
Question 4. The largest sources of tax revenue to Central Government of India are
Answer is Option A. -> GST has input tax credit mechanism Answer: (a)
Consider an example to understand GST in a better way (GST rate 18%):
Consumer 100 + 118 300 + 54 Tax = Rs.18 Tax
= Rs. 36 (Rs.54 - Rs.18) (CGST = 9, SGST = 9) (CGST = 18, SGST = 18) Govt. Govt.
In the above example, A is doing a value addition of Rs. 100 and selling the product to B in Rs. 118 and paying Rs. 18 GST to the government. B is doing a value addition of Rs. 200 and is paying Rs. 36 GST to the government. Since GST is a value-added tax, so every entity in the value chain shall pay the government tax only on their value addition.
Practically B shows the invoice of Rs. 354 to the government and pays a tax of Rs. 54 to the government but when it produces the tax receipt obtained from A to the government worth Rs. 18 then government credits/refunds Rs. 18 to B. This is called Input Tax Credit Mechanism as the taxes paid by B on the purchase of inputs from A i.e. Rs. 18 is credited by the government back to B.
Since there is only one tax i.e. GST and credits of input taxes paid at each stage is available in the subsequent stage of value addition across India (whereas in the case of VAT input credit was available only within the State), hence it will prevent the dreaded cascading effect of taxes. This is the basic feature and advantage of GST.
Important aspects regarding the implementation of GST:
If A belongs to one State (say UP) and B and the consumer belong to another State (say Bihar) then all the State GST i.e. Rs. 9 and Rs. 18 (=Rs. 27) will be passed on to the State where the product is being consumed by the consumer
i.e. Bihar and the State where A belongs i.e. UP will not get any SGST.
This is why GST is also called consumption-based and destination-based tax as all the SGST is passed on to the consuming State i.e. Bihar.
If A and B belong to different states then rather than GST, IGST will be levied by the Centre on the transaction between A and B which is again equal to the sum of CGST and SGST and ultimately distributed to the Centre and the consuming State equally. Practically everything remains the same, only the tax name changes to Integrated GST (IGST)
If B, rather than selling the product to the consumer in India, exports the products then IGST will be imposed as IGST is levied on inter-State supplies. The GST paid in the entire value chain and the IGST paid at the border is refunded/credited back to the suppliers. So effectively there is no tax on exports and hence we say that exports are "zero-rated" supplies. Supplies to SEZs are also zero-rated.
If a trader is importing a product into India then he will have to pay first customs duty and then IGST on the imported product as imports are also considered to be InterState supplies.
Question 6. Consider the following statements regarding "counter-cyclical" fiscal policy:
The government uses the countercyclical policy to cool down the economy during the boom period
In countercyclical policy, the government increases spending and reduces taxes during the economic slowdown
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Answer is Option B. -> Both (i) & (i) Answer: (b)
The government’s fiscal policy has a big role in stabilizing the economy during business cycles. The two important phases of business cycles are boom and recession. A recession should not be allowed to grow into a deep recession.
Similarly, a boom should not explode bigger. We may say that amplifying the business cycle is dangerous (growing boom and deepening recession).
Practically fiscal policy responses using taxation and expenditure can go in two ways in response to the business cycle: Countercyclical and pro-cyclical.
Business Cycle Fiscal Policy Boom Recession Pro-Cyclical Expenditure increases Tax decreases Expenditure decreases Tax increases Counter-Cyclical Expenditure decreases Tax increases Expenditure increases Tax decreases
Question 7. Consider the following statements:
Government disinvesting its share in various public sector undertakings
Process of disinvestment is very fast
Process of disinvestment is very slow and government always falls short of target
Which of above statements is/ are true about government policy of disinvestment
Answer is Option C. -> I and III Answer: (c)
The government of India is disinvesting its share from public sector undertakings. Most of the government undertakings were incurring losses during the pre liberalization period.
Hence, after the introduction of new economic policy in 1991, the government started downsizing its share in PSU. But the process of disinvestment is very slow due to a host of legal and political hurdles.
Question 8. Which is the biggest source of budgetary receipts in the year 2019-20 for Govt. of India?
Answer is Option D. -> Bihar Answer: (d)
Bihar is the first state to impose agricultural income tax in India. Agricultural income tax is levied on the income from Agriculture. At present agriculture is subjected to two direct taxes and they are Agricultural Income-tax and Land Tax.
Agricultural Income-tax treatment: It is characterised as a valid source of income from sources that comprise Agriculture land, buildings on or related to Agricultural land card commercial product from an Agriculture land.
Question 10. ‘Basel III’ norms target at which of the following?
Improve the banking sector’s ability to absorb shocks arising from financial and economic stress.
Improve risk management and governance.
Strengthen banks’ transparency.
Choose the correct answer using the codes given below:
Answer is Option D. -> 1, 2 and 3 Answer: (d)Basel III is basically a regulatory accord designed specifically for the banking sector. It aims to improve the supervision, regulation and risk management within the sector. It also targets at strengthening the transparency of the banks.