Answer is Option B. -> 1, 2 and 3 Answer: (b)
The Delhi Sultanate was an Islamic state with its religion Islam. The Sultans considered themselves as representatives of the Caliph. They included the name of the Caliph in the khutba or prayer and inscribed it on their coins. There was no clear law of succession during this period.
All the sons had equal claim to the throne. Iltutmish even nominated his daughter in preference to his sons. But such nominations or successions were to be accepted by the nobles. Sometimes ulemas played a crucial role in accepting the succession to the throne.
However, military superiority remained the main factor in matters of succession. The military department was called Diwani Ariz. It was headed by Ariz-i-mumalik.
Diwani Rasalat was the department of religious affairs. The department of correspondence was called Diwani Insha.
Question 3. Who among the following Sultans invoked Persian monarchical traditions and adjusted them to Indian milieu?
Answer is Option D. -> Iltutmish Answer: (d)Iltutmish invoked Persian monarchial traditions and adjusted them to Indian milien. He consolidated the empire by organising the nobility into a select group of forty known as Chahalgani. He divided the Sultanate into small and large tracts called iqtas, these were given to nobles and officers instead of cash salaries.
Question 4. Which Sultan of Delhi categorized the Ulema into ‘Ulma-i-Akhiral’ and ‘Ulma-i-Duniya’ and praised the former?
Answer is Option A. -> 4 3 2 1 Answer: (a)
Tarikh-i-Hind was written by Alberuni Inshai-Mahru was written by Ainul Mulk Multani.
Khazinat-ul-Futuh was written by Amir Khusrav.
Tarikh-i-Fakhurddin Mubarakshahi was written by Fakhre Mudabbir.
Al-Biruni wrote an encyclopedic work on India called “Tarikh Al-Hind” (History of India) in which he explored nearly every aspect of Indian life, including religion, history, geography, geology, science, and mathematics.
Amir Khusro wrote a short auto-biographical Masnavi called "Shah Name mun" of Alauddin’s life. Khusro in his book "Khazinat-ul-Futuh" (the treasures of victory) recorded Alauddin’s construction works, wars, peace and security, administrative services.
Ibn Battuta writes that Sultan Qutbuddin Mubarak Shah Khilji (1316-1320) used to encourage Hindus to accept Islam by presenting a convert with a robe of honour and a gold ornament.
Question 6. Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the Afghan rulers to the throne of Delhi?
Answer is Option A. -> Firoz Shah Tughlaq Answer: (a)Firoz ShahTughlaq desecrated the PuriJaganath temple and Jwalamukhi temple at Kangra. In 1360, he invaded Jajnagar to destroy the Jagannath Puri temple. In 1326 AD, he met with success in his expedition to Sindh, before this he had led an invasion to Nagarkot with an idea to destroy the Jwalamukhi temples. The Sultan was not tolerant towards people with different religions.
Question 9. Which one of the following Sultans assumed the title ‘Umdat-ul-Niswan’ on the coins?
Answer is Option D. -> Razia Sultana Answer: (d)Razia Sultan assumed the title ‘Umdat-ulNiswan’ on the coins. Razia was awarded with the title Raziyat-ul-Din. On the coins she was inscribed as Umdat-ul-Niswan and she assumed the title of Sultan-ul-Duniyal wa’l Din bint-alsultan and Sultan Jaaltudunya-wad-Din.
Assertion (A): Sikander Lodi reimposed the Jeziah on the Hindus.
Reason (R): Sikander Lodi was an orthodox and a bigoted king.