Lakshya Education MCQs

Question: You seemed at first to take no notice of your school-fellows, or rather to set yourself against them because they were strangers to you. They knew as little of you as you did of them; this would have been the reason for their keeping aloof from you as well, which you would have felt as a hardship. Learn never to conceive a prejudice against others because you know nothing of them. It is bad reasoning, and makes enemies of half the world. Do not think ill of them till they behave ill to you; and then strive to avoid the faults which you see in them. This will disarm their hostility sooner than pique or resentment or complaint
Options:
A.The discomfort you felt with your school fellows was because both sides knew little of each other. You should not complain unless you find others prejudiced against you and have attempted to carefully analyze the faults you have observed in them
B.The discomfort you felt with your school fellows was because both sides knew little of each other. Avoid prejudice and negative thoughts till you encounter bad behaviour from others, and then win them over by shunning the faults you have observed
C.You encountered hardship amongst your school fellows because you did not know them well. You should learn to not make enemies because of your prejudices irrespective of their behaviour towards you
D.You encountered hardship amongst your school fellows because you did not know them well. You should learn to not make enemies because of your prejudices unless they behave badly with you
E.JIFI
Answer: Option B
: B

Solution: Correct Answer Option: (b) Option (b) is the correct answer choice. It best summarizes the idea conveyed by the passage and the advice given. The other answer options state one or the other ideas incorrectly. In option (a), the second statement is clearly incorrect. In options (c) and (d), statement 1 covers only one aspect of the passage. In the second statement, 'learn to not make enemies' is not talked about in the passage

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Question 1. 1. A few years ago, hostility towards Japanese-Americans was so strong that I thought they were going to reopen the detention camps here in California.

A.   Today Asians are a success story.

B.   I cannot help making a comparison to the Anti-Jewish sentiment in Nazi Germany when Jewish people were successful in business.

C.   But do people applaud President Clinton for improving foreign trade with Asia?

D.   Now, talk about the "Arkansas-Asia connection" is broadening that hatred to include all Asian-Americans.

6.   No blinded by jealousy, they complain that it is the Asian Americans who are reaping the wealth.
 
  1.    DBAC
  2.    ABDC
  3.    DABC
  4.    ACBD
  5.    JIFI
Answer: Option A
: A

Option (a) Note the question "“ answer link. Sentence C is a question and sentence 6 is the answer. Thus, option (d) is out Now, A has to precede C because sentence C questions statement A. The answer can directly be marked as option (a)
Question 2. 1.Inequitable distribution of all kinds of resources is certainly one of the strongest and most sinister sources of conflict.  

2.Even without war, we know that conflicts continue to trouble us - they only change in character

3.Extensive disarmament is the only insurance for our future; imagine the amount of resources that can be released and redeployed. 4.   The economies of the industrialized western world derive 20% of their income from the sale of all kinds of arms
  1.    IJJI
  2.    JIJF
  3.    IIJF
  4.    JIIF
  5.    IJIF
Answer: Option B
: B

Solution: Correct Answer Option: (b) Sentences (1) and (3) use very strong words 'certainly one of the strongest and most sinister sources of conflict' and 'only insurance for our future' respectively, thus classifying them as judgements. If we look at the answer options, option (b) stands out as the right answer choice
Question 3. The audiences for crosswords and Sudoku, understandably, overlap greatly, but there are differences, too. A crossword attracts a more literary person, while Sudoku appeals to a keenly logical mind. Some crossword enthusiasts turn up their noses at Sudoku because they feel it lacks depth. A good crossword requires vocabulary, knowledge, mental flexibility and sometimes even a sense of humor to complete. It touches numerous areas of life and provides an "Aha!" or two along the way._____
  1.    Sudoku, on the other hand, is just a logical exercise, each one similar to the last
  2.    Sudoku, incidentally, is growing faster in popularity than crosswords, even among the literati
  3.    Sudoku, on the other hand, can be attempted and enjoyed even by children
  4.    Sudoku, however, is not exciting in any sense of the term
  5.    JIFI
Answer: Option A
: A

Solution: Correct Answer Option: (a) The paragraph compares crossword enthusiasts and Sudoku lovers. It emphasizes on the multi-dimensionality of crosswords. So the contrasting sentence, in this context, will be the one which highlights Sudoku as a routine exercise
Question 4. Thus the end of knowledge and the closing of the frontier that it symbolizes is not a looming crisis at all, but merely one of many embarrassing fits of hubris in civilization's long industry. In the end, it will pass away and be forgotten. Ours is not the first generation to struggle to understand the organizational laws of the frontier, deceive itself that it has succeeded, and go to its grave having failed._____
  1.    One would be wise to be humble
  2.    But we might be the first generation to actually reach the frontier
  3.    But we might be the first generation to deal with the crisis
  4.    However, this time the success is not illusory
  5.    As a result, people depend on credibility rather than on novelty as they reach an advanced age
Answer: Option B
: B

Solution: Correct Answer Option: (b) Option (b) is the most appropriate choice. Option (a) does not make any sense. Option (c) is wrong because we might not be the first generation to deal with this crisis. Option (d) is also wrong as success was not illusory earlier as well
Question 5. Although almost all climate
scientists agree that the Earth is gradually warming, they have long been of
two minds about the process of rapid climate shifts within larger periods of
change. Some have speculated that the process works like a giant oven
freezer, warming or cooling the whole planet at the same time. Others think
that shifts occur on opposing schedules in the Northern and Southern
Hemispheres, like exaggerated seasons. Recent research in Germany examining
climate patterns in the Southern Hemisphere at the end of the last Ice Age
strengthens the idea that warming and cooling occurs at alternate times in
the two hemispheres. A more definitive answer to this debate will allow
scientists to better predict when and how quickly the next climate shift will happen
  1.    Scientists have been unsure whether rapid shifts in the Earth's climate happen all at once or on opposing schedules in different hemispheres; research will help find a definitive answer and better predict climate shifts in future
  2.    Scientists have been unsure whether rapid shifts in the Earth's climate happen all at once or on opposing schedules in different hemispheres; finding a definitive answer will help them better predict climate shifts in future
  3.    Research in Germany will help scientists find a definitive answer about warming and cooling of the Earth and predict climate shifts in the future in a better manner
  4.    More research rather than debates on warming or cooling of the Earth and exaggerated seasons in its hemispheres will help scientists in Germany predict climate changes better in future
  5.    JIFI
Answer: Option B
: B

Solution: Correct Answer Option: (b) Option (b) is the answer because it talks about scientists being unsure about rapid shifts in earth's climate and how finding a definitive answer would help them to predict the future climatic changes. Option (a) cannot be the answer as it talks about research in general and the paragraph gives more emphasis on finding a "definitive answer" in terms of climatic change. Option (c) is not considered because it gives emphasis only on research done in Germany. Option (d) is ruled out because it specifically gives more importance to scientists of Germany.
Question 6. (1) So much of our day-to-day focus seems to be on getting things done, trudging our way through the tasks of living - it can feel like a treadmill that gets you nowhere; where is the childlike joy?

(2) We are not doing the things that make us happy; that which brings us joy; the things that we cannot wait to do because we enjoy them so much.

(3) This is the stuff that joyful living is made of - identifying your calling and committing yourself whole heartedly to it.

(4) When this happens, each moment becomes a celebration of you; there is a rush of energy that comes with feeling completely immersed in doing what you love most
  1.    IIIJ
  2.    IFIJ
  3.    JFJJ
  4.    JJJJ
  5.    JFII
Answer: Option D
: D

Solution: Correct Answer Option: (d)
All four statements are the personal opinion of the author. We can either agree or disagree with them. Hence, all four statements should be classified as judgments making option (d) the right answer choice.

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