Lakshya Education MCQs

Question: Q. Consider the following statements

  1. Madhya Pradesh is the largest state of India (in terms of area).

  2. West Bengal has the highest population density among all states. 

  3. Goa shares boundaries with Maharashtra and Karnataka only.


Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
Options:
A.3 only
B.2 and 3 only
C.1 and 3 only
D.1 only
Answer: Option A
: A

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state in India after Rajasthan in terms of area. It shares boundaries with Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh and Maharashtra.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Among states Bihar has the highest density with 1106 persons per square kilometer. The Union Territory of Delhi has 11320 persons per square kilometer.

Statement 3 is correct: Goa shares boundaries with Maharashtra and Karnataka only.

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More Questions on This Topic :

Question 1. Q. The British, taking advantage of the physical conditions such as moderate slope, thick soil cover with high organic content, well distributed rainfall throughout the year and mild winters, introduced tea plantations in which among the following regions of Himalayas?
  1.    Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas
  2.    Uttarakhand Himalayas
  3.    Arunachal Himalayas
  4.    Eastern Hills and Mountains
Answer: Option A
: A

Explanation:

Sikkim and Darjeeling Himalayas have physical conditions such as moderate slope, thick soil cover with high organic content, well distributed rainfall throughout the year and mild winters makes it very much suitable for tea plantations. The British, taking advantage of such physical conditions, introduced tea plantations in these ranges.
Question 2. Q. Consider the following statements:

  1. Teak, sal and shisham are the main species of Moist deciduous forests.

  2. Dry deciduous forests are found in rainier areas of the Peninsula and the plains of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

  3. Tendu, palas and amaltas are common trees in Semi Evergreen forests.


Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  1.    1 and 3 only
  2.    2 and 3 only
  3.    1 and 2 only
  4.    1, 2 and 3
Answer: Option C
: C

Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct: The Moist deciduous forests are more pronounced in the regions which record rainfall between 100-200 cm. Teak, sal, shisham, hurra, mahua, amla, semul, kusum, and sandalwood etc. are the main species of these forests.These forests are found in the northeastern states along the foothills of Himalayas, eastern slopes of the Western Ghats and Odisha.

Statement 2 is correct: Dry deciduous forest covers vast areas of the country, where rainfall ranges between 70 -100 cm. These forests are found in rainier areas of the Peninsula and the plains of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Statement 3 is incorrect: Tendu, palas, amaltas, bel, khair, axlewood, etc. are the common trees of Dry deciduous forest.
Question 3. Q. With reference to Arunachal Himalayas, consider the following statements:

  1. These extend from the east of the Bhutan Himalayas up to the Diphu pass in the east.

  2. These ranges are dissected by fast-flowing rivers from the north to the south, forming deep gorges.


Which of the following statements given above is/are correct?
  1.    1 only
  2.    2 only
  3.    Both 1 and 2
  4.    Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: Option C
: C

Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct: Arunachal Himalayas extend from the east of the Bhutan Himalayas up to the Diphu pass in the east. Their orientation is from the southwest to the northeast direction, unlike the earlier ranges of the Himalayas.

Statement 2 is correct: These ranges are dissected by fast-flowing rivers from the north to the south, forming deep gorges. Bramaputra flows through a deep gorge after crossing Namcha Barwa. Some important rivers crossing these ranges include - Kameng, Subansiri, Dihang, Dibang, Lohit etc.
Question 4. Q. In the context of general orientation of Himalayas, consider the following statements,

  1. The general orientation of Himalayan ranges is from northwest to the southeast direction in the northwestern part of India.

  2. Himalayas in the Darjeeling and Sikkim regions lie in an north-south direction.


Which of the following statements given above is/are correct?
  1.    1 only
  2.    2 only
  3.    Both 1 and 2
  4.    Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: Option A
: A

Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct: The general orientation of these ranges is from northwest to the southeast direction in the northwestern part of India. Himalayas in the Darjeeling and Sikkim regions lie in an east-west direction, while in Arunachal Pradesh they are from southwest to the northwest direction.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Himalayas in the Darjeeling and Sikkim regions lie in an east west direction. It is In Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram, they are in the north-south direction. This north-south direction is due to a sudden southward bend of Himalayas due to syntaxial bend at Namcha Barwa.
Question 5. Q. Karewa formations which are useful for the cultivation of Zafran, are found in which of the following Himalyan regions?
  1.    Punjab Himalayas
  2.    Kashmir Himalayas
  3.    Himachal Himalayas
  4.    Zanskar Himalayas
Answer: Option B
: B

Explanation:

The Kashmir Himalayas are also famous for Karewa formations, which are useful for the cultivation of Zafran, a local variety of saffron. The word Karewa means an elevated table-land in local dialect. These sediments occur at terraces, plateaus and mounds and rest over the Paleozoic-Mesozoic sediments of the Kashmir basin.
Question 6. Q. Consider the following statements

  1. Rainfall consistently decreases with gain in altitude in North-eastern India.

  2. Rainfall increases from west to east in the Northern Plains including desert area.


Which of the given above statement(s) is/are incorrect?
  1.    1 only
  2.    2 only
  3.    Both 1 and 2
  4.    Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: Option D
: D

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: In the North-east, the hilly terrains and mountainous environment exert a great control on the generation and distribution of precipitation because orography provides the necessary uplift to the moisture-laden currents striking against the topographic barriersrs. As a general rule, precipitation increases with elevation to a certain level of altitude and then decreases after a certain level with further ascent up the slopes.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Rainfall increases from east to west or decreases from west to east in the Northern Plains but doesn’t include the desert area of India.

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