Quiz

Question: Q. Consider the following statements


  1. Groundnut is cultivated only as a kharif crop. 

  2. Soyabean is mostly grown in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.

  3. Rapeseed and mustard are frost sensitive crops. 



Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
Options:
A.1 and 2 only
B.2 and 3 only
C.1 and 3 only
D.1, 2 and 3
Answer: Option B
: B

Explanation Statement 1 is incorrect: India produces about 14.9 per cent of the total groundnut production in the world (2014). It is largely a rainfed kharif crop of drylands. But in southern India, it is cultivated during rabi season as well. Note: The crops which are sown in the rainy season are called kharif crops. The rainy season in India is generally from June to September. The crops grown in the winter season (October to March) are called rabi crops. Statement 2 is correct: Soyabean is mostly grown in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. These two states together produce about 90 per cent of total output of soyabean in the country. Statement 3 is correct: Rapeseed and mustard comprise several oilseeds as rai, sarson, toria and taramira. These are subtropical crops cultivated during rabi season in north-western and central parts of India. These are frost sensitive crops and their yields fluctuate from year to year. Crop plants that develop in tropical climates, often experience serious frost damage when exposed to temperature slightly below zero, whereas most crops that develop in colder climates often survive.

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Question 1. Q. Consider the following statements 


  1. The kharif season largely coincides with Southeast Monsoon.

  2. The rabi season begins with the onset of winter in October-November and ends in March-April.



Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?
  1.    1 only
  2.    2 only
  3.    Both 1 and 2
  4.    Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: Option D
: D

Explanation Statement 1 is correct: The kharif season largely coincides with Southwest Monsoon under which the cultivation of tropical crops, such as rice, cotton, jute, jowar, bajra and tur is possible. Statement 2 is correct: The rabi season begins with the onset of winter in October-November and ends in March-April. The low temperature conditions during this season facilitate the cultivation of temperate and subtropical crops such as wheat, gram and mustard.
Question 2. Q. Consider the following statements 


  1. India is poorly endowed with non-ferrous metallic minerals except mica.  

  2. Tamil Nadu is the largest producer of bauxite in the country. 



Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?
  1.    1 only
  2.    2 only
  3.    Both 1 and 2
  4.    Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: Option C
: C

Explanation: Statement 1 is incorrect: India is poorly endowed with non-ferrous metallic minerals except bauxite. Bauxite is the ore which is used in manufacturing aluminium. Statement 2 is incorrect: Orissa is the largest producer of bauxite in the country. Kalahandi and Sambalpur are the leading producers. Gujarat, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh are the other major producers.
Question 3. Q. The Human Development Index (HDI) ranks the countries based on their performance in the key areas of 


  1. Health

  2. Sex- ratio

  3. Education

  4. Access to resources



Select the correct answer using the code given below :
  1.    1, 2 and 3 only
  2.    2, 3 and 4 only
  3.    1, 3 and 4 only
  4.    1, 2 and 4 only
Answer: Option C
: C

Explanation: Statement 1, 3 and 4 are correct: The Human Development Index (HDI) ranks the countries based on their performance in the key areas of health, education and access to resources. The indicator chosen to assess health is the life expectancy at birth. The adult literacy rate and the gross enrollment ratio represent access to knowledge. Access to resources is measured in terms of purchasing power (in U.S dollars). Statement 2 is incorrect: Sex- ratio is not an indicator. HDI rankings are based on a score between 0 to 1 that a country earns from its record in the key areas of human development. With an HDI value of 0.647 India finds herself grouped with countries showing medium human development.
Question 4. Q. Consider the following pairs:



Time Period
Description


1901-1921
Period of stagnant growth of population.


1921-1951
Period of population explosion.


1951-1981
Period of steady population growth.



Which of the given above pair/pairs is/are correctly matched?
  1.    1 only
  2.    3 only
  3.    1 and 2 only
  4.    1, 2 and 3
Answer: Option A
: A

Explanation Pair 1 is correctly matched: The period from 1901-1921 is referred to as a period of stagnant or stationary phase of growth of India’s population, since in this period the growth rate was very low, even recording a negative growth rate during 1911-1921. Both the birth rate and death rate were high keeping the rate of increase low. Pair 2 is incorrectly matched: The decades 1921-1951 are referred to as the period of steady population growth. An overall improvement in health and sanitation throughout the country brought down the mortality rate. Pair 3 is incorrectly matched:The decades 1951-1981 are referred to as the period of population explosion in India, which was caused by a rapid fall in the mortality rate but a high fertility rate of population in the country. The average annual growth rate was as high as 2.2 per cent.

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