Lakshya Education MCQs

Question: In the second paragraph, "the Hun” refers to which of the following?
A.The Huns
B.The Hungarians
C.The Austro-Hungarians
D.The Germans
Answer: Option D
: D

The second sentence of the second paragraph reads “After America declared war against Germany during World War I, the still infant film industry glorified the fight against “the Hun.” Thus, it must follow that the Germans are referred to by that name.

(A) There is no direct evidence in the passage that indicates this meaning for "the Hun." Furthermore, the use of quotation marks indicates that the reference is not literal.

(B) There is no direct evidence in the passage that indicates this meaning for "the Hun."

(C) There is no direct evidence in the passage that indicates this meaning for "the Hun." The fact that the Hungarians were then part of Austro-Hungary is outside knowledge which cannot be deduced from the passage.

(D) CORRECT. Since the passage states that America declared war on Germany, it must follow that the Germans were “the Hun” against whom America was fighting.

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Question 1. The passage implies that the combat depicted in 'All Quiet on the Western Front' least resembles the depiction of combat in which of the following?
  1.    Apocalypse Now
  2.    The Bridge on the River Kwai
  3.    Platoon
  4.    Guadalcanal Diary
Answer: Option D
: D

The theme of the passage is that the glory of war was emphasized in films made during the conflict but questioned in those made years afterward. In the second paragraph, All Quiet on the Western Front is cited as an example from the latter category. Therefore, its portrayal of combat would have the least in common with a film made during a conflict.

(A) In the third paragraph, Apocalypse Now is listed as a film that was made years after the conflict it portrayed and had an ambivalent attitude to its topic. Thus, it can be inferred that it would resemble All Quiet on the Western Front.

(B) In the second paragraph, The Bridge on the River Kwai is described as a film that was made years after the conflict it portrayed and showed the moral confusion of war. Thus, it can be inferred that it would resemble All Quiet on the Western Front.

(C) In the third paragraph, Platoon is described as a film that was made years after the conflict it portrayed and had an ambivalent attitude to its topic. Thus, it can be inferred that it would resemble All Quiet on the Western Front.

(D) CORRECT. In both the second and third paragraphs, Guadalcanal Diary is mentioned as a film made in wartime. In the second paragraph, it is listed as an example of a film that portrayed the “’the ultimate sacrifice’ as a noble and undoubted good.” In contrast, the first paragraph states that “All Quiet on the Western Front put forth an anti-war message by displaying the horrors of combat.”
Thus, Guadalcanal Diary must be the portrayal of combat that least resembles that in All Quiet on the Western Front.
Question 2. And you know what? Life will go on. More people may be drawn to malls nowadays. Bangaloreans lament the loss of the historic names that defined South Parade shopping for 100 years--but not enough of them have been going there. They've been going to Spencer's or Reliance or any of the other specialty and big-box retailers that don't have famous addresses and landmark status, but have been chipping away at department store sales for years. If you've lived in Bangalore for any period of time, especially if you grew up here, chances are you have a favorite memory of shopping on South Parade. You're probably thinking of homes at Diwali right now
  1.    It's a sad day for those who love Bangalore's history, and particularly for those who will lose jobs at Nature Fresh.
  2.    But times and tastes and habits change.
  3.    South Parade is a fun place to hang out again.
  4.    Two names that embodied Bangalore retailing for more than a century will disappear.
  5.    The big-box retailers are quite aggressive as compared to the departmental stores.
Answer: Option B
: B

Option (a) talks about losing jobs in Nature Fresh which is not mentioned in the para, so there is no logical flow. Option (c) mentions South Parade as a fun place to hang out again but the para is talking about the loss of South Parade. Options (d) an (e) are very vague and will not end the para coherently. Hence option (b) is the correct answer. It is in keeping with the flow of the para that describes how people's taste has changed over the years from South Parade to Reliance and the like.
Question 3. A. Ethnography has long been used in the academic world, and was first employed in commercial research in the 70s.

B. "I spent time with different consumers while they were shopping, cooking and eating in their own home”.

C. "Perhaps the difference now is that a great deal of market research is not conducted solely at a single point in time.”

D. Anne-Marie McDermott, managing director of Quaestor Research, points to a project 13 years ago, which looked at a new chicken-burger product.

E. "This method of conducting research was revolutionary at the time”.

F. "Researchers spend a lot of time with respondents, living in their environment - even to the point of moving in with them and sharing the experience being researched”, she says.
  1.    AEDCBF 
  2.    ACDEBF 
  3.    ADECBF 
  4.    ADBECF
  5.    BCDFEA
Answer: Option D
: D

Mainstream research. Sentence D then takes it a step forward and mentions a research person who talks about how she first used it 13 years ago. The rest of the sentences are quotes made by her and are easier to understand in terms of the sequence. Sentence B then talks about her approach and sentence E is a comment on how this was perceived at the time. Sentence C is a reflective comment on how the times have changed with the last sentence F describing specific instances of the same. This makes choice (d) correct.
Question 4. The fundamental sea change in this decade is the opening of developed economies' markets to the commoditizing influence of developing economies like India and China. In response, companies jumped to innovation. But what you really have to do to fight commoditization is create sustainable differentiation, which means your competitors cannot or will not copy you. Innovation, which creates sustainable differentiation, is what you want. What most companies do, and why you have the feeling that they're just talking about it, is they innovate but they do not achieve sustainable differentiation.
  1.    Yes, they're spending a lot on research and development, but at the end of the day, they are not substantially differentiated from their competitors.
  2.    The issue has to do with, are you innovating for something that's core or context to your business model?
  3.    Instead of concentrating on a few bold ideas that could revolutionize their companies, most firms put their resources in too many places, often creating product enhancements that don't actually enhance the bottom line.
  4.    They don't drive a particular dimension of their business so far down the road that their competitors cannot or will not follow--and that is the gold standard
  5.    Enhancing the bottom line requires a market driven approach to innovation.
Answer: Option A
: A

Option (b) talks about innovating something core to your business model. But this is not the main issue. Hence option (b) is eliminated. Option (c) is irrelevant. It does not address the main issue. Option (d) is out of scope. Option (e) is just a general statement. It has nothing to do with the question. Option (a) addresses the main issue perfectly and says that even though the companies are spending a lot on r&d, they are not successful because they do not have substantial differentiation. Hence option (a )is the correct answer. The last sentence states that the companies do not achieve differentiation despite innovating. The correct option takes it further emphasizing the same that is, the companies spend a lot on R&D but they do not achieve differentiation.
Question 5. Scientists have created a new substance that is so transparent as to be almost invisible.
  1.    so transparent as to be
  2.    so transparent it has been
  3.    so transparent that it was
  4.    transparent enough that it is
  5.    Many donors are least bothered where their donations are used
Answer: Option B
: B

While the standard idiom is so . . . that, so . . . as can also be used in certain situations but so . . . it is never correct. Eliminate (B). Eliminate (C) for a verb tense error: The sentence begins in the present tense (is . . . transparent) and has no reason to switch from is to the past tense was at the end. (D) is not idiomatic; transparent enough has to be followed by to be in this situation and transparent enough so as to be combines incompatible idioms. Even though the original sentence is rather clumsy, (A) is still the best option of the ones you're given.

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