Question: A tautonym in taxonomy is
A.Non latinised name
B.Same name for genus and species
C.Common name used as scientific name
D.Unscientific explanation of a phenomenon
Answer: Option B
: B

A tautonym is a binomial name in which the genus and the species are given the same name. For example, there exists a species of gorilla whose scientific name is Gorilla gorilla. Iguana iguana is another example of a tautonym.

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Question 1. State whether true or false:

The ability to move is a characteristic feature of all living organisms.
  1.    True
  2.    False
  3.    Common name used as scientific name
  4.    Unscientific explanation of a phenomenon
Answer: Option B
: B

All living organisms exhibit characteristic features such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, consciousness etc. Movement, however, is not necessarily a characteristic feature of living organisms. Plants, for instance, do not exhibit movement. Even among animals, there exist groups that are sedentary.
Question 2. A ___ is a collection of plants that have been dried, pressed and preserved on sheets.

: A herbarium is a taxonomical aid, andis a collection of plants that have been dried, pressed and preserved on sheets.
Question 3. Which of these is the class that the domestic dog belongs to?
  1.    Mammalian
  2.    Canis
  3.    Chordate
  4.    Canidae
Answer: Option A
: A

The domestic dog belongs to class Mammalia, which falls under phylum Chordata. Domestic dogs belong to the family Canidae, andCanis is the genus name.
Question 4. Taxonomic category of ‘Order’ comes in between
  1.    Class and Family
  2.    Kingdom and Class
  3.    Family and Genus
  4.    Phylum and Class
Answer: Option A
: A

The descending order of taxonomic hierarchy is Kingdom, Phylum or Division, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species. Thus, Order comes between Class and Family.
Question 5. A scientific name contains information about the
  1.    Family and Species
  2.    Genus and Species
  3.    Phylum and Order
  4.    Class and Family
Answer: Option B
: B

Binomial nomenclature is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages. Such a name is called a binomial name, a binomen or a scientific name; more informally it is also called a Latin name. The first part of the name identifies the genus to which the species belongs; the second part identifies the respective species within the genus. For example, humans belong to the genus Homo and within this genus, to the species sapiens. The scientific name is thus, Homo sapiens.
Question 6. Which class do birds belong to?
  1.    Aves
  2.    Amphibia
  3.    Reptilia
  4.    Felis
Answer: Option A
: A

Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves and Mammalia are all classes under superclass Tetrapoda, which further, is classified under subphylum Vertebrata. Birds are grouped under the class Aves. Examples for Amphibia, Reptilia and Mammalia are frog, snake, and bear respectively. Felis is a genus of cats.

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